Landlok® TRM 450
Trailwood West Limited Partnership, a local developer in the Town of Payson, Arizona, wanted to develop 90 acres (36.4 hectares) of forested farmland into a 313-home subdivision. An existing channel with intermittent flow levels, known as the North Tributary of American Gulch, meandered through the project site, raising a stormwater concern with the Town. This channel collected rainwater and runoff from the surrounding 3.55 square mile (9.2 square kilometer) drainage basin, carrying it through the site. Further downstream was natural grasslined channel, but localized erosion and greater anticipated flows convinced the project engineers, ASL Sierra Consulting Engineers, Inc. (ASL), that advanced channel lining techniques must be employed.
Because of the anticipated velocities and shear stresses, ASL’s initial thoughts focused on hard armor systems such as rock riprap or a cellular confinement system filled with gravel. These systems were cost prohibitive and not as aesthetically pleasing as natural vegetation. These factors led ASL to further explore alternate, cost-effective solutions. After extensive review of technical literature and test reports, the project engineers discovered that using a permanent turf reinforcement mat (TRM) designed to induce vegetation and enhance long-term performance was the optimal solution. Therefore, the engineers incorporated Synthetic Industries’ Landlok® TRM 450 into the project specifications. This product consists of a dense web of polypropylene fibers positioned between two high strength nets,and mechanically bound by parallel stitching. All components of the matrix are UV-stabilized to resist degradation caused by the intense sunlight characteristic of a semi-arid site at an elevation of 7,000 feet (2134 meters). Because TRM’s are porous, as opposed to concrete lining materials, the infiltration benefits of TRM’s were equally appealing to the engineers since the Town is adopting a groundwater recharge program.
Revegetation Services, an Arizona based erosion control contractor, began construction in June, 1995 following design completion and Town approval. After subgrade preparation, the TRM was installed, seeded with a mix including: Indian blanket, California poppy, burnet clover, crested wheatgrass, Boer lovegrass, Madrid sweetclover, and green sprangletop, then soilfilled to a depth of 3/4” (1.9 cm). The soil cover was specified to accelerate germination and seedling development, maximize root entanglement with the matrix, add ballast to the installation, and provide additional UV protection prior to vegetative development. According to an area consultant, Marty Koether, of Enviro-Control (Tucson, Arizona),“The weather cooperated beautifully for the contractor. The installation ran smoothly because Revegetation Services had prior experience with the product. Upon completion, the anticipated summer rains severely tested the TRM prior to vegetation being established.”
“Since the TRM was designed to handle flows associated with a maximum storm event in an unvegetated condition, the establishment was a bonus and added to the factor of safety considered in the original design,” Koether stated.
Nearly two years later, vegetation is flourishing in this semi-arid section of Arizona, and the channels are performing well. As a result of the successful performance of the product, Synthetic Industries supplied the material for a second phase of this project.